Iowa is one of the United States of America, which is something a lot of people know, but few of them realize that this is a state that is fairly young and the state has quite a bit of history before they reached this level. This is why people need to know the history of Iowa before they decide the state is not worth a visit or even decide they should not go to the region because of the different features the state does not really advertise that much. Here is a history of the state so people can start to understand the importance the state has played.
The early history of Iowa would start with the settlement of the state by the Native Americans. These cultures would be in the area for over thirteen thousand years before the written history would start to be taken into account. The historic accounts that were written would not be started until the 1680s and that would be based off of the accounts of early explores like Marquette and Joliet. This history, while it is accurate is not the entire tail of the state and the early history of the state as people have found different types of artifacts that are showing more of the history of the state than what has been described before.
The state would remain largely in Native American control for a long period of time and would not really have much in the way of interaction with the white man until the fur traders started to go into the region in the 19th century. During the time the European traders were in the region they would be under control of one or two countries in the form of Spain or France. However, this would all start to change over time and would really start to change after Iowa would be acquired as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
Once it was purchased by America the state would be explored by the Lewis and Clark expedition. The control over Iowa would be contested for several years by the countries that sold it and it would be finally settled as to who is in control of the territory as the British would finally stop meddling in the affairs of the younger country.
Even after the control was firmly placed in the hands of the American nation it would not be until the 1830s for the settlers to come into the region and start to settle it as part of the country that we know it as now. The settlement would start off really slow at first, but it would be the first big push into the region to help the settlers in getting the best farmland around and help them in getting to know more about the region as well.
At firsts the region would remain a territory, but in 1846 the state would finally gain its chance to become a state and was recognized as a state at this time period. What is even better is before the war between the states the state would be almost completely settled by the settlers from Europe and they would continue to live a subsistence life and farming would be the main stream of income when the farmers could get the goods to market. The subsistence farming would continue until rail lines would connect the fertile Iowa farmland to the rest of the country.
During the war between the states Iowa would find itself on the side of the Union and they would send a large number of young boys to the war. In fact so many of the young people would go to the war for Iowa the economic development of the state would slow to a crawl during this time because of the lack of people who were younger to carry the load of the economy.
After the war the younger generation came back to the state. However, they were not back to the state as a disappointment. Instead they came back full of energy after the war they had just fought in and helped to win. Fresh off of that they noticed how flat the economy was and decided to come in and grow the agricultural powerhouse the state still holds today.
The state would remain driven by agriculture until the Great Depression hit the state. When this hit the state would struggle to overcome the collapse of the economy. This is also the same time period that the shift from the smaller family farms into the massive factory or industrial style farms that people recognize today as the normal type of farm.
Industry would finally start to take root in Iowa during World War II. This would lead to a lot of the people leaving the region and leave agriculture starting to lag behind again. However, this is something that would help to spur the economy of the state and this would help it develop even more until the next problem that would come up in the region and that would be the oil crisis that would hit the world in the 70’s.
During the period of the oil crisis and the start of the recession that would strike in the 1980’s the region would start to see a flight of residents out of the state to more industrialized regions, but also to different regions that could help them establish a new life. This would even include the farming generation that would exit the region in what became known as the great rural flight.
Iowa is one of the states that is in the Midwest for the United States of America. However, what a lot of people do not realize is the long and storied history of this state. Now that they know the history they can start to see their is more to the state than just farming and hog farms as well. So this will allow people to know the state is interesting for more than just farmers.